Vivre de l’ecriture

Vous voulez devenir écrivain mais ne savez pas par où commencer, découvrez comment écrire un livre grâce à mon blog dédié à l’écriture.

Écrire n’est pas inné. Pour créer des histoires puissantes, capables de rassembler des lecteurs et de plaire à des producteurs ou des éditeurs, il faut maîtriser un certain nombre de techniques narratives et dramaturgiques. Autrement dit, il faut savoir comment les histoires se construisent et comment agencer les informations et les actions des personnages dans ces histoires pour générer  les effets que l’on souhaite sur ses spectateurs ou lecteurs.

En effet, écrire une histoire, c’est façonner un univers dans lequel évoluent des personnages qui servent de véhicule à des émotions que l’auteur veut faire ressentir à celui qui reçoit son histoire. Ce peut être le lecteur d’un roman ou le spectateur d’un film mais aussi – et surtout – un éditeur ou un producteur à qui l’auteur cherche à vendre son histoire.

Si votre but est de construire une carrière d’auteur, alors vous devrez apprendre à séduire vos interlocuteurs, pas seulement écrire les histoires qui vous tiennent à coeur. Il ne s’agit pas de déformer votre écriture ou vos récits pour satisfaire les désirs supposés de vos interlocuteurs. Il s’agit de montrer que vous connaissez votre métier et d’apprendre à valoriser vos connaissances à travers des astuces simples et des pratiques professionnelles de bon aloi.

Parmi les connaissances que vous devez maîtriser avant de prétendre au statut d’écrivain, il y a:

  • la structure de base en dramaturgie
  • la gestion des personnages
  • le pitch
  • la notion de préparation-paiement
  • le climax
  • le grand-huit émotionnel
  • et bien d’autres.

Ces points couvrent essentiellement les notions d’écriture théorique que vous devez acquérir mais il faut aussi que vous appreniez à présenter votre travail à vos interlocuteurs et le mettre en valeur, le défendre. Vous devrez notamment savoir:

  • Constituer votre réseau
  • Ce qu’est une bible de série
  • Quels sont les organismes susceptibles de vous financer
  • Quelles sont vos options quand vous voulez vivre de l’écriture
  • Quels documents présenter à un acheteur potentiel
  • et bien d’autres.

Vous devrez également vous intéresser à la créativité, à la psychologie et aux différents médias qui s’offrent à vous. Vous devrez, en un mot, garder votre curiosité alerte et aiguisée.

Scrivener overview: The best crafting tool I found so far

Tim Ferriss, author of the great great great life changing book “The 4 hour workweek” twitted this morning, asking for people who knew about Scrivener.app to give him the pros and cons of the app and compare it with Evernote. Unable to reach him fast I took the time to write a sort of really quick review of the app. Being unreachable makes it so that people will take initiatives like this one. What could have been a “Scrivener is the greatest crafting tool I’ve ever used” tweet became a 1300 words long overview of the app. that I decided to post here for all to enjoy.

I cannot recommand Scrivener too much to anyone dealing with the craft of writing.

[FrenchVersion] Pour les francophones: ceci est un aperçu de l’excellent logiciel de construction de manuscrit/projet/articles/etc. Scrivener. Je l’ai écrit suite à un tweet de Tim Ferriss, auteur de “La Semaine de Quatre Heures”, que je ne saurais trop vous recommander. En substance, Scrivener est l’outil parfait pour organiser les différentes versions d’un texte, ses éléments de recherche, prendre des notes, tout ça dans un unique document et au sein d’un logiciel doté d’une foultitude de fonctions toutes plus utiles les unes que les autres. Et tout ça pour la modique somme de 40$ (~30€).[/FrenchVersion]

 

@TimFerriss Hi Tim, I work with Scrivener mostly for screenwriting and boardgame reviewing. I discovered your awesome book, about a week ago. It helped me put light on the boredom I experienced even if I had reached my dream of being a pro writer and gave me the motivational boost I needed to put some longing projects into action. So for that, thank you!

 

First, let it be known that I’m not a user of Evernote. I only discovered it thanks to your WordPress conference, two days ago, and haven’t yet given it a thorough look.

 

Ok so here’s a bit of backgroung story about me and the needs I needed Scrivener to cover. It should read fast but you can jump directly to the bolded sections for a list of pros and cons.

I’ve been using Scrivener for two month now. I used it for the sake of developping a videogame universe for Ubisoft. Before I found Scrivener I used Freemind for mindmapping and Microsoft Word for text editing. But I wanted to find an alternative to MSWord since it bugged too often and was very slow. Plus I ended up with litteraly hundreds of .doc files with all my notes, drafts and research. This is something I hated and that concurred to making MSWord bug and slow down since, needing my notes, I opened half a dozen files everytime I used the app. Needless to say the stress it built plus the time it wasted were huge. Also, MSWord isn’t really good for navigating through parts of your work while you’re writing it. Let’s say I’d be writing a script. The way I work, I need to be going back and forth throughout the scenes all the time to tweak things. Or if I’m writing a novel or an essay I never do it in a linear fashion and I need to be able to add chapters, etc. easily.

 

I used to work on my scripts with Montage and my novels with Storymill, both by Mariner’s software and they solved most of my problems: one file for all the subdocs (research notes, but not versions) and ease of navigation through different views of the script. Part of the automation process didn’t work very well though and I spent a huge time in word manually reformatting what the app had autoformatted. Plus they’re filled with bugs that hopefully don’t affect the work but slow the process of creating down. A lot.

Then I came upon Scrivener. There’s a 30 day demo where you can use the software as much as you want and then decide if you want to buy it or not. I played with it 2 hours and decided it was the perfect tool and bought the license (which, at 40$, is really reaaaalllllly cheap). I haven’t opened Montage or Storymill ever since. I still use MSWord alternatives such as Bean or Mellel for viewing single documents and editing or TextEdit for fast typing stuff I don’t need any research or drafts for (such as to-do lists, thoughts of the day, writer’s training…). I didn’t quantify my gains with Scrivener but I’m pretty sure it at least doubled my efficiency and lessened my stress about as much as I’m just a few clicks away from any info I need and I don’t even have to change files to refer to my research or old drafts.

 

How I use Scrivener

I created about ten .scriv files, one for each of my writing areas even if I suspect I’ll merge some of them into one big .scriv file because I tend to open them all at once and that disctracts me. So I’ll have something like: comicbooks.scriv; blog.scriv; animation.scriv; games.scriv; moneymaking.scriv; general_research.scriv and some project specific scrivs for bigger projects such as an animated series I’m currently developping called Cave Canem that has its very own cavecanem.scriv.

I’m a fond user of folders as they tend to help me save time. So I’ll create folders and they’ll help me find the files I need faster and reorganize my work in a glitch. For example In Comicbooks.scriv, I’ll name my folders after spectific projects and subfolders after categories (characters, outline, drafts, etc.), in games.scriv, since I review games monthly, my folders are named after months. Then in every folder I can create files and folders as I see fit, reorganize them, compare them, tweak them, colorlabel them, etc.

 

 

Scriveners split view

Scrivener's split view with labelcolored pins in the Corkboard

 

 

 

I mostly use Scrivener to keep all my files relating to the same topic in the same place. I can then easily navigate from one to the other, edit them as soon as an idea strikes me without having to open a new file, search for the place to edit, save it and go back to the previous file. I can do all that in just a few clicks without ever losing focus on my current file.

I need to refer to research docs a lot while writing and Scrivener makes that super easy thanks to its split view.

Labels work great. You can define as many colored labels as you want and you can then color the icon of the files in your sidebar to quickly see which belongs to what category/issue/topic.

There’s a nice built-in scratch pad that you can set to stay on top of all your apps, making it easy to copy-paste stuff and send it to your Scrivener without changing windows. I wish there was a hotkey to make it popup over whatever app I’m using instead of just having it float above all the time.

 

My mostly used features:

– Labels

– Splitview

– Corkboard (allows you to see your project in an index card form, very useful. Labels can be reflected in that view, too)

– Scratch pad


Some features I like:

You can assign keywords to your files, which works great to search for issue related files.

In splitview, you can play videos, audiofiles and display pictures, .pdfs, or any text file while you’re typing a text. The pause/play control is only one key combination (cmd+enter). Great for quoting, transcripting, taking notes…

There’s a cool “snapshot” feature that allows you to save an image of your work before modifying it so that if you’re not happy with changes you made you can always go back to the previous version. Why is that good? You don’t keep all drafts in your way, they don’t appear as files either in your .scriv file or on your hard drive but they’re still there if you need them.

 

So pros:

– All your files in one

– Split view allows you to open two documents at once and navigate in them independantly

– The ease of manipulating sub files, reorganising a work, outlining a story etc.

– The color labels to easily find related files, view in one glance if your topics are balanced in your whole work, etc.

– Ease of use, intuitive design (lot’s of hotkeys to learn, though but nothing that will take more than one day of use to remember)

– Lots of options for labelling, keywording, categorizing your files and a comprehensive search engine

– Fast and reliable

– Autosaves whenever you’re idle. I never thought I’d lose the habit of cmd+Sing every thirty seconds but I did in less than a week

– Super cheap

– Great full screen mode, with scalable opacity

– Great “index card” view, with synopsis of your files, status and label. Makes it easy to overview and rearrange your draft.

– Bonus: if you want to write a screenplay, there’s a template for formatting it and it works great.

 

Cons:

– It’ not a text editor. It’s a tool for crafting. You’ll need another app for the final appearance of your text

– .scriv files are huge and it’s next to impossible to email them

– Auto reformats by default when you “compile” your draft, making you do extra clicks to keep your set format. Not a good thing when you’re dealing with 100+ files.

– Scrivener is not made for cowriting and sharing files. Splitting work could turn out messy.

 

So here you go, it’s a very quick overview of the app. I hope it helps you.

Anael

 

Scrivener is a Mac only Application that you can download HERE